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科学60秒:如果感到孤独你就洗洗澡

时间: 2020年04月21日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


 [听力全文]


Take a hot bath, you’ll fee better. Not only does warm water soothe us, it can combat loneliness. According to research published in the journal Emotion. 


Scientists analyzed the bathing habits of 51 people. And had them record how they felt before and after bathing. The researchers found that higher scores on a measure of chronic loneliness were associated with an increase in warmer baths or showers. In a separate study, to test the link between physical temperature and emotional state, scientists had subjects hold cold and hot packs and recorded levels of perceived loneliness. They confirmed the correlation between cold packs and high loneliness scores. 


Then in another study the researchers had subjects recall a time when they were feeling excluded. This exercise made the subjects subsequently desire comforting social activities like hanging with friends. But this desire was reduced for those subjects who were asked to hold a warm pack. 


The authors claim this association between warmth and security is innate, yet many are not aware of the link, at least when it comes to warm baths. In another study they found that subjects do not think of a frequent bather as a particularly lonely person. A little obsessive maybe, but not lonely.


—Christie Nicholson



 [参考译文]


发表在《情感》(Emotion)杂志上的研究表明,洗个热水澡,你会感觉更好,温水不仅能放松我们的身体,还能对抗孤独。

 

科学家调查了51个人的洗澡习惯,并让他们记录洗澡前后的感觉,结果发现,在长期孤独感测试中得分越高的人,泡热水澡或淋浴的次数就越多。在另一项研究中,为了测试身体温度和情绪状态之间的联系,科学家们让受试者手握冷敷包或热敷包,并记录下他们的孤独感程度。结果证实冷敷包和更重的孤独感存在相关性。

 

在第三项研究中,研究人员让被试回忆他们感到被孤立的日子,回忆后被试会渴望安慰性的社交活动,例如和朋友相处;但对于那些拿着热敷包的人来说,这种渴望有所减少。

 

作者称,温暖和安全感之间的这种联系是与生俱来的,但许多人并没有意识到这种联系,至少没有意识到洗热水澡时也存在这种联系。在另一项研究中,他们发现受试者不会认为经常洗澡的人特别孤独,也许有点“洗澡癖”,但并不孤独。


翻译 页一